Pradėjo Montas, sausio 03, 2020, 15:26:40

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sausio 03, 2020, 15:26:40 Redagavimas: sausio 03, 2020, 19:01:55 by Montas
Ahnenerbe (liet. Protėvių paveldas) - nacistinėje Vokietijoje veikusi pseudomokslinė tyrimų organizacija, vėliau pasukusi veiklą į okultinius ir nusikalstamus (pavyzdžiui, eksperimentavimo su žmonėmis) tyrinėjimus.

1935 m. liepos 1 d. Reichfiurerio SS Heinrich Himmler, Herman Wirth ir Richard Walther Darré įsteigė „Pirmykštės dvasios istorijos tyrimo bendrija, Vokiečių paveldas" (vok. „Studiengesellschaft für Geistesurgeschichte‚ Deutsches Ahnenerbe e. V.", kuri 1937 m. buvo pervadinta į Protėvių paveldo tyrimo ir mokymo bendriją (vok. „Forschungs - und Lehrgemeinschaft das Ahnenerbe e. V.").

Iki Antrojo pasaulinio karo
Bendrija buvo įkurta užsiimti antropologijos tyrinėjimais (pirmiausia Henriko I laikų istorija) ir „arijų rasės" antropologine ir kultūrine istorija, tačiau vėliau pasuko į skandinavų mitologijos tyrinėjimus, susiedama juos su idėjomis, kad kažkada Šiaurės tautos valdė visą pasaulį.

Iki Antrojo pasaulinio karo pradžios bendrija jau turėjo virš 30 įvairių mokslo sričių skyrių (pvz., geofizikos, entomologija, mitologijos, etnografijos, medicinos, vėžio ir kitų ligų tyrinėjimams ir kt.). Bendrija taip pat turėjo fotolaboratoriją, muziejų, keletą bibliotekų įvairiuose miestuose - Miunchene, Zalcburge ir kt.

Bendrijos pagrindinė veikla nebuvo tik tyrinėjimai laboratorijose, ji rengė ekspedicijos į kitas šalis (pavyzdžiui, į Tibetą, kurią organizavo Ernst Schäfer 1938 m.), organizavo posėdžius ir kongresus. Kartu bendrija kartu su SS siekė įtakos visose mokslo srityse ir universitetų bei mokyklų mokymo programose.

Antrojo pasaulinio karo metais
Prasidėjus Antrajam pasauliniam karui „Ahnenerbe" veikla irgi pasikeitė. Bendrijos nariai galėjo atvirai naudoti nacių prigrobtomis kultūros vertybėmis savo tyrinėjimams.

1940 m. Ahnenerbe prarado savo nepriklausomybę ir kaip „Tarnyba A" (vok. Amt A) įtraukta į SS struktūrą. „Germaniškose" valstybėse Belgijoje, Danijoje, Nyderlanduose ir Norvegijoje bendrija „mokslo tikslais" ėmė verbuoti savanorius stoti į Waffen-SS. Tuo pačiu Ahnenerbe rengė projektus, kuriuose buvo šlovinama vokiečių tauta ir germanų paveldas.

1942 m. „Ahenerbe" draugijoje, remiant Waffen-SS, buvo įkurtas Gynybos mokslo tyrimų institutas (vok. „Institut für wehrwissenschaftliche Forschung"). Šis institutas atlikinėjo tyrimus su žmonėmis - tam buvo pasitelkiami koncentracijos stovyklų (pvz., Dachau) kaliniai. Institute „dirbo" ne tik gydytojai, bet ir Waffen-SS nariai. Sigmund Rascher atlikinėjo eksperimentus su žmonių ištverme šalčiui, August Hirt - su įvairiomis dujomis. Koncentracijos stovyklose žuvusių kalinių palaikai dažnai buvo išgabenami į šį institutą ir ten tyrinėjami arba panaudojami skeletams gaminti.

Šie eksperimentai su žmonėmis po karo buvo vienas iš Niurnbergo proceso kaltinimų.

Šios organizacijos dėka buvo sukurtos visiem žinomos "Nacių skraidančios lėkštės".
Šiek tiek info anglų kalba:

In ufology, conspiracy theory, science fiction, and comic book stories, claims or stories have circulated linking UFOs to Nazi Germany. The German UFO theories describe supposedly successful attempts to develop advanced aircraft or spacecraft prior to and during World War II, and further assert the post-war survival of these craft in secret underground bases in Antarctica, South America, or the United States, along with their creators. According to these theories and fictional stories, various potential code-names or sub-classifications of Nazi UFO craft such as Rundflugzeug, Feuerball, Diskus, Haunebu, Hauneburg-Gerät, V7, Vril, Kugelblitz (not related to the self-propelled anti-aircraft gun of the same name), Andromeda-Gerät, Flugkreisel, Kugelwaffe, and Reichsflugscheibe have all been referenced.

Accounts appear as early as 1950, likely inspired by historical German development of specialized engines such as Viktor Schauberger's "Repulsine" around the time of World War II. Elements of these claims have been widely incorporated into various works of fictional and purportedly non-fictional media, including video games and documentaries, often mixed with more substantiated information.

German UFO literature very often conforms largely to documented history on the following points:

Nazi Germany claimed the territory of New Swabia in Antarctica, sent an expedition there in 1938, and planned others. Nazi Germany conducted research into advanced propulsion technology, including rocketry, Viktor Schauberger's engine research, flying wing craft and the Arthur Sack A.S.6 experimental circular winged aircraft.
Some UFO sightings during World War II, particularly those known as foo fighters, were thought by the Allies to be prototype enemy aircraft designed to harass Allied aircraft through electromagnetic disruption; a technology similar to today's electromagnetic pulse (EMP) weapons.

Early claims
In World War II, the so-called "foo fighters", a variety of unusual and anomalous aerial phenomena, were witnessed by both Axis and Allied personnel. While some foo fighter reports were dismissed as the misperceptions of troops in the heat of combat, others were taken seriously, and leading scientists such as Luis Alvarez began to investigate them. In at least some cases, Allied intelligence and commanders suspected that foo fighters reported in the European theater represented advanced German aircraft or weapons, particularly given that Germans had already developed such technological innovations as V-1 and V-2 rockets and the first operational jet-powered Me 262 fighter planes, and that a minority of foo fighters seemed to have inflicted damage to allied aircraft.

Similar sentiments regarding German technology resurfaced in 1947 with the first wave of flying saucer reports after Kenneth Arnold's widely reported close encounter with nine crescent-shaped objects moving at a high velocity. Personnel of Project Sign, the first U.S. Air Force UFO investigation group, noted that the advanced flying wing aeronautical designs of the German Horten brothers were similar to some UFO reports. In 1959, Captain Edward J. Ruppelt, the first head of Project Blue Book (Project Sign's follow-up investigation) wrote:

When WWII ended, the Germans had several radical types of aircraft and guided missiles under development. The majority were in the most preliminary stages, but they were the only known craft that could even approach the performance of objects reported by UFO observers.

While these early speculations and reports were limited primarily to military personnel, the earliest assertion of German flying saucers in the mass media appears to have been an article which appeared in the Italian newspaper Il Giornale d'Italia in early 1950. Written by Professor Giuseppe Belluzzo, an Italian scientist and a former Italian Minister of National Economy under the Mussolini regime, it claimed that "types of flying discs were designed and studied in Germany and Italy as early as 1942". Belluzzo also expressed the opinion that "some great power is launching discs to study them".

The Bell UFO was among the first flying objects to be connected with the Nazis. It apparently had occult markings on it and it was also rumoured to have been very similar to a Wehrmacht document about a vertical take off aircraft. It is directly related to the supposed crash of a bell-shaped object that occurred in Kecksburg, Pennsylvania, USA on December 9, 1965. The same month, German engineer Rudolf Schriever gave an interview to German news magazine Der Spiegel in which he claimed that he had designed a craft powered by a circular plane of rotating turbine blades 49 ft (15 m) in diameter. He said that the project had been developed by him and his team at BMW's Prague works until April 1945, when he fled Czechoslovakia. His designs for the disk and a model were stolen from his workshop in Bremerhaven-Lehe in 1948 and he was convinced that Czech agents had built his craft for "a foreign power". In a separate interview with Der Spiegel in October 1952 he said that the plans were stolen from a farm he was hiding in near Regen on 14 May 1945. There are other discrepancies between the two interviews that add to the confusion. However, many skeptics have doubted that such a Bell UFO was actually designed or ever built.

In 1953, when Avro Canada announced that it was developing the VZ-9-AV Avrocar, a circular jet aircraft with an estimated speed of 1,500 mph (2,400 km/h), German engineer Georg Klein claimed that such designs had been developed during the Nazi era. Klein identified two types of supposed German flying disks:

A non-rotating disk developed at Breslau by V-2 rocket engineer Richard Miethe, which was captured by the Soviets, while Miethe fled to the US via France, and ended up working for Avro.
A disk developed by Rudolf Schriever and Klaus Habermohl at Prague, which consisted of a ring of moving turbine blades around a fixed cockpit. Klein claimed that he had witnessed this craft's first manned flight on 14 February 1945, when it managed to climb to 12,400 m (40,700 ft) in 3 minutes and attained a speed of 2,200 km/h (1,400 mph) in level flight.
Aeronautical engineer Roy Fedden remarked that the only craft that could approach the capabilities attributed to flying saucers were those being designed by the Germans towards the end of the war. Fedden (who was also chief of the technical mission to Germany for the Ministry of Aircraft Production) stated in 1945:
I have seen enough of their designs and production plans to realize that if they (the Germans) had managed to prolong the war some months longer, we would have been confronted with a set of entirely new and deadly developments in air warfare.

Fedden also added that the Germans were working on a number of very unusual aeronautical projects, though he did not elaborate upon his statement.

Nazi UFO:


Na, o nuo šitos vietos galima būtu pradėt pasakojimus apie nacių slaptas ekspedicijas į Antarktidą, po kurios sektu pasakojimas apie daug kam girdėta "nacių baze mėnulyje" (nazi moon base). Bet tai jau kitas pasakojimas.....


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